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Physician Types

Geneticists and Genetic Counselors

Professionals who help people with a family history of cancer determine their risk for developing the disease. They do this by taking a detailed family health history and, if necessary, through genetic testing.

Gynecologic Oncologists

Doctors who specialize in treating cancers of the female reproductive organs, including the cervix, endometrium (uterus) and ovaries. Gynecologic oncologists perform surgery and treat cancer with medications, including chemotherapy.

Medical Oncologists

Doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating cancer with medications, including chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and biological therapy.

  • Bone marrow transplant specialists: Medical oncologists who treat cancers of the blood, bone marrow and lymph nodes, including leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma. They may treat these conditions with bone marrow and stem cell transplants.
  • Pediatric hematologist/oncologists: Medical oncologists who treat children.

Doctors trained in looking at tissue samples to determine if cancer is present. Pathologists often can tell what kind of cancer is in a sample and whether cancer cells are likely to grow slowly or quickly.

Psychiatrists and Psychologists

Treatment team members who help patients deal with the emotional effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment.

Radiation Oncologists

Doctors who use radiation to treat cancer. These doctors work with physicists and dosimetrists to determine the best way to give radiation to patients.


Doctors who take pictures or images of the body that can be used to detect and diagnose cancer. At Siteman, these doctors use the latest imaging techniques, including positron emission tomography (PET), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography.

  • Interventional Radiologists: Radiologists who use X-rays, MRI and other radiology techniques to move catheters through blood vessels for the nonsurgical treatment of cancer and other diseases.

Doctors who treat disease, injury or defect through surgery. Surgeons who treat cancer also are called surgical oncologists. In addition to removing cancer, they perform biopsies, the removal of tissue samples to aid in the diagnosis of cancer.

  • Head and Neck Surgeons: Surgeons who treat conditions in the head or neck region, including the nasal cavity, sinuses, lip, mouth, salivary gland, throat and larynx.
  • Neurosurgeons: Doctors who specialize in surgery of the brain, spine and other parts of the nervous system.
  • Orthopaedic Surgeons: Surgeons who treat diseases and conditions involving the bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles as well as some problems that arise in the nervous system, particularly the spine.
  • Pediatric Surgeons: Surgeons who treat children.
  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons: Surgeons who specialize in reducing scarring or disfigurement that may occur as a result of accidents or diseases, including cancer.
  • Thoracic Surgeons: Doctors who perform operations on the heart, lungs, esophagus and other organs in the chest.
  • Urologists: Surgeons who specialize in treating the urinary organs (kidney, bladder, urethra) and the sex organs in men (prostate, testes, penis).