A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called topoisomerase I inhibitors. Also called edotecarin.
- jaundice (JAWN-dis)
A condition in which the skin and the whites of the eyes become yellow, urine darkens, and the color of stool becomes lighter than normal. Jaundice occurs when the liver is not working properly or when a bile duct is blocked.
- Jewett staging system
A staging system for prostate cancer that uses ABCD. "A" and "B" refer to cancer that is confined to the prostate. "C" refers to cancer that has grown out of the prostate but has not spread to lymph nodes or other places in the body. "D" refers to cancer that has spread to lymph nodes or to other places in the body. Also called the ABCD rating or the Whitmore-Jewett staging system.
- JM 216
A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called platinum analogs. Also called BMS-182751 and satraplatin.
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. A rare form of childhood leukemia in which cancer cells often spread into tissues such as the skin, lung, and intestines.
- J-pouch coloanal anastomosis
A surgical procedure in which the colon is attached to the anus after the rectum has been removed. A 2-4 inch section of the colon is formed into a J-shaped pouch in order to replace the function of the rectum and store stool until it can be eliminated. This procedure is similar to the side-to-end coloanal anastomosis but a larger pouch is formed.
- junctional nevus (JUNK-shun-ul NEE-vus)
A mole found in the junction (border) between the epidermis and dermis layers of the skin. These moles may be pigmented and slightly raised, and have a higher risk of developing into malignant melanoma.
- juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia
JMML. A rare form of childhood leukemia in which cancer cells often spread into tissues such as the skin, lung, and intestines.