Multidisciplinary Teams

At the Siteman Cancer Center, we take a multidisciplinary approach to patient care. That means teams of doctors and other healthcare providers, all of whom specialize in providing different types of care, are available to help treat patients who come to Siteman. Our treatment teams include:

Doctors who treat disease, injury or defect through surgery. Surgeons who treat cancer also are called surgical oncologists. In addition to removing cancer, they perform biopsies, the removal of tissue samples to aid in the diagnosis of cancer.

Medical Oncologists
Doctors who treat cancer with medications, including chemotherapy.

Radiation Oncologists
Doctors who use radiation to treat cancer. These doctors work with physicists and dosimetrists to determine the best way to give radiation to patients.

Doctors who take pictures or images of the body that can be used to detect and diagnose cancer. At Siteman, these doctors use the latest imaging techniques, including positron emission tomography (PET), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography.

Doctors trained in looking at tissue samples to determine if cancer is present. Pathologists often can tell what kind of cancer is in a sample and whether cancer cells are likely to grow slowly or quickly.

Residents and Fellows
Doctors who have graduated from medical school and are receiving training in a particular specialty or subspecialty. For residents, this training lasts three to five years, depending on the speciality. Length of training also varies for fellows, who have finished residencies and are training in a subspecialty area.

Psychiatrists and Psychologists
These treatment team members help patients deal with the emotional effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment.

Nurse Practitioners
Registered nurses with advanced training and experience. They offer some of the same care as physicians, including performing examinations.

Oncology Nurse Coordinators
Nurses who teach newly diagnosed cancer patients about their cancers, arrange tests and physician appointments, and follow patients throughout their course of therapy. When patients have problems at home, they call their nurse coordinator, who either provides instructions for care or contacts the nurse practitioner or doctor for instructions.

Oncology Nurses
Nurses who have received special training in treating cancer patients.

Health professionals who prepare medicines for patients.

Social Workers
Professionals trained to talk to patients and their families about the challenges and problems caused by cancer. Social workers often help patients and families find support services.

Health professionals with special training in nutrition who counsel patients about dietary issues related to cancer and cancer treatment.

Clinical Research Associates
Members of the research staff who help patients understand clinical trials they may be asked to participate in. They enroll patients in studies and make sure patients know when to return for clinic visits or follow-up testing based on the research study schedule.

Geneticists and Genetic Counselors
Professionals who help people with a family history of cancer determine their risk for developing the disease. They do this by taking a detailed family health history and, if necessary, through genetic testing.

Case Coordinators
Registered nurses who collaborate with the health-care team to assess a patient's psychological needs, coordinate clinical needs and provide discharge planning.

Financial Specialists
Professionals who assist cancer patients with financial concerns related to their health care.

Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists
These treatment team members help patients keep or regain their strength and maintain a schedule of normal activities during or following cancer therapy.